Us Dollar Index Definition


The European Union’s trade-weighted effective exchange rate index has been adjusted several times to reflect changes in the makeup of the EU’s members and of its currencies. The International Monetary Fund has a global trade-weighted index that it uses to calculate REER, for real effective exchange rate. This is one of the reasons why the index has been criticised in the past. The US Dollar Index is a measure of the value of the United States Dollar relative to a basket of foreign currencies. The basket of currencies consists of the Euro, Swiss Franc, Japanese Yen, Canadian Dollar, British Pound and the Swedish Krona. This is why the ICE U.S. Dollar Index futures contract is considered the leading benchmark for the international value of the U.S. dollar and the world’s most widely recognized traded currency index.


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The appreciation and deterioration results are a factor of the time frame being referred to. Trading in financial instruments and/or cryptocurrencies involves high risks including the risk of losing some, or all, of your investment amount, and may not be suitable for all investors. Prices of cryptocurrencies are extremely volatile and may be affected by external factors such as financial, regulatory or political events. Bloomberg’s thematic indices capture structural, macro trends disrupting the global economy.

Dollar Index Formula

This results in the index that includes important that rank higher in liquidity and trading versus the Swedish krona. Problems cannot be solved at the same level of awareness that created them. ICE, specifically, ICE Futures U.S., monitors the index methodology to ensure that it properly reflects the covered currencies and the FX market in general and makes adjustments as and when necessary (which is like…never). As a currency trader, you should be familiar with ALL three of them. The ICE Exchange symbol for the value of the underlying Dollar Index is also DX , although different data providers may use different symbols. It’s obvious that 24 countries make up a small portion of the world but many other currencies follow the U.S.


In the previous article we made a profile of the US dollar by compiling the most significant economic indicators and other events which play a role in its valuation. Now we will turn our attention toward a measure which gauges the greenbacks relative strength to its major trading counterparts – the US dollar index. Bilateral dollar exchange rates are available from the Board’s H.10 and G.5 statistical releases. Education – 10 Min Read Types of CFDs and CFD trading examples Milan Cutkovic Contracts for difference are popular assets for traders globally as they provide a way to access a wide variety of financial markets. However, if a trader plans to use the US Dollar Index to bet on the direction of the Dollar, they must always be mindful of the basket and the weightings.

Key Data

If you’re worried that a rising USD could negatively impact your stock portfolio, for example, you might buy the DXY to compensate. Then, any losses from your stocks might be counteracted by gains from your dollar index position. Erika Rasure is globally-recognized as a leading consumer economics subject matter expert, researcher, and educator.


The price used for the calculation is the mid-point between the Reuters top of the book bid/offer in the component currencies. The real-time quote is then delivered to the Intercontinental Exchange and is then redistributed to other data suppliers. Trade-weighted currency indexes are calculated around the world because of their usefulness for analysis. While the U.S. dollar one is unique to the U.S., trade-weighted exchange-rate indexes are common in international economics. If the U.S. dollar’s trade-weighted index rises, then the U.S. dollar is becoming stronger relative to the currencies of its major trading partners.

How to trade the DXY

The trade-weighted US dollar index, also known as the broad index, is a measure of the value of the United States dollar relative to other world currencies. Dollar Index by incorporating more currencies and yearly rebalancing. The Bloomberg Euro Index tracks the performance of Euro versus a basket of leading global currencies.

A Dollar Index CFD allows you to trade the Index without actually owning it. You sign a contract with the broker who enables you to buy as many units of the Dollar Index as you wish and sell them at a later date. The amount paid is the difference between the opening and closing price of the Dollar index. The EUR is, by far, the largest component of the index, making up almost 58% (officially 57.6%) of the basket. The weights of the rest of the currencies in the index are—JPY (13.6%), GBP (11.9%), CAD (9.1%), SEK (4.2%), CHF (3.6%). The Trade Weighted Dollar Index, sometimes called the Broad Index, was introduced in 1998 in response to the implementation of the euro and to more accurately reflect current U.S. trade patterns.

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The basket was altered in 1999 when the Euro replaced several European currencies. It still includes the Swedish krona and the Swiss franc despite the fact that China, Mexico, and South Korea are more important trading partners. Bloomberg’s index team has a proven track record in creating strategic indices across asset classes, including fixed income, equity, commodity, multi-asset, currency, digital asset and reference rates. Dollar Index ETFs track the Index’s prices from time to time, and hence the price of ETFs fluctuates all the time during a trading day. They are highly liquid due to the high demand and supply of ETFs and can be closed at any point in time.

Which Currencies Are Part of the Bloomberg Dollar Spot Index?

US Dollar Index futures are traded for 21 hours a day on the ICE platform with futures having a March/June/September/December quarterly expiration cycle. It is also available indirectly in exchange-traded funds , options, contracts for difference and mutual funds. The Index goes up when the U.S. dollar gains «strength» when compared to other currencies.


Fusion Mediawould like to remind you that the contained in this website is not necessarily real-time nor accurate. Nearly every forex broker has responded to these changes in trading alternatives by expanding their portfolios to include various indices across the globe, including the USD Index. You may either buy shares in the funds directly or speculate through the use of contracts for differences with your forex broker. The benefit of index trading is that fees tend to be low and risk management issues are lessened due to the broad diversification of asset groupings.

  • If the index has a positive move, that means that the currency being measured has strengthened against its partner currencies, which is usually good for import activity.
  • When the euro was introduced, a single accommodation was made to reweight each currency pair so as to yield an equivalent value at the time of conversion.
  • The weightings ensure that important currencies – such as the euro – affect the Dixie’s price more than lesser markets like the krona.
  • With the USD Index behaving in such a wavelike fashion, how can a forex trader cash in on the opportunities presented?
  • The index rises when USD gains strength against the other currencies and falls when the dollar weakens.
  • The US Dollar Index was started by the Federal Reserve in 1973 and has been managed by ICE Futures US since 1985.

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